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6 Tank Perang Terhebat di Dunia

Penulis : Andi Aryatno on Minggu, 27 Mei 2012 | 03.18

1. M1A2 Abrams (Amerika)




Type : Main battle tank
Asal : United States
Perancang : Chrysler Defense
Dirancang : 1980
Produsen : Lima Army Tank Plant (1980-present)
Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant (1982-1996)
Harga : US $ 6.21 jt (M1A2 / FY99)
Berat : 67,6 ton pendek (61,3 t; 60,4 ton panjang)
Panjang : 32.04 ft (9,77 m)
Lebar : 12 ft (3,66 m)
Tinggi : 8 ft (2,44 m)
Awak : 4 Orang (komandan, gunner, loader, driver)

Armour/pelindung : Chobham, RH Armor, Plat baja dilapisi uranium
persenjataan utama : 105 mm L52 M68 rifled cannon (M1)
120 mm L44 M256 smoothbore cannon (M1A1, M1A2, M1A2SEP)42 rounds
senjata pelengkap : 1 x .50-caliber (12.7 mm) M2HB 900 rounds heavy machine gun
2 x 7.62 mm (.308) M240 machine guns (1 pintle-mounted, 1 coaxial)

Mesin : Honeywell AGT1500C multi-fuel turbine engine
1,500 shp (1,120 kW)
Tenaga/berat : 24.5 hp/metric ton
Transmisi : Allison DDA X-1100-3B
Suspensi : Batang puntir/torsi (torsion bar)
Kapasitas BBM : 500 US gallons (1,900 liter)
Daya Jelajah : 479.24 km, dengan sistem NBC 567.24 km
kecepatan : 72 km/h , track off-road: 52.8 km/h 

2. Leopard 2A6 (Jerman)



Type : Main battle tank
Asal : Jerman barat
Perancang : Krauss-Maffei
Dirancang : 1970
Produsen : Wegmann Krauss-Maffei
Maschinenbau Kiel
Harga 2A6 : US $ 5,74 + juta (2007)
Berat : 62,3 ton
Panjang : 9,97 m (393 in) (forward gun)
Lebar : 3,75 m (148 in)
Tinggi : 3,0 m (120 in)
Awak : 4 Orang


Armour/pelindung : 3 bahan Komponen Utama, antara lain high-hardness steel, tungsten dan plastic filler dengan komponen keramik.
persenjataan utama : 1 x 120 mm Rheinmetall L55 smoothbore gun.
42 rounds
senjata pelengkap : 2 x 7.62 mm MG3A1
4,750 rounds
Mesin : MTU MB 873 Ka-501 liquid-cooled V-12 Twin-turbo diesel
1,500 PS (1,479 hp, 1,103 kW) at 2600 rpm
Tenaga/berat : 24.1 PS/t (17.7 kW/t)
Transmisi : Renk HSWL 354
Suspensi : Torsion-bar suspension
Kapasitas BBM : 1,200 liters
Daya Jelajah : 550 km (340 mi) (internal fuel)
kecepatan : 72 km/h (45 mph)

3. British Challenger 2 (Inggris)



Type : Main battle tank
Asal : United Kingdom
Produsen : Alvis Vickers

Harga : ~£4,217,000/~$7,921,000/~€5,590,000
Berat : 62,5 ton
Panjang : 8,3 m (11.50 m with forward gun)
Lebar : 3,5 m (4.2 M with applique armour)
Tinggi : 2,5 m (120 in)
Awak : 4 Orang


Armour/pelindung : Chobam / Dotchester Lv 2
persenjataan utama : L30A1 120 mm rifled gun
52 rounds
persenjataan kedua : Coaxial 7.62 mm L94A1 EX-34 (chain gun),
7.62 mm L37A2 Commander's cupola machine gun
Mesin : Perkins CV-12 Diesel
1,200 hp (890 kW)
1,500 PS (1,479 hp, 1,103 kW) at 2600 rpm
Tenaga/berat : 19.2 hp/t (14.2 kW/t)
Transmisi : David Brown TN54 epicyclic transmission (6 fwd, 2 rev.)
Suspensi : Hydropneumatic

Jarak Operasi : 450 km (280 mi)
kecepatan : 59 km/h (37 mph)
40 km/h (25 mph) off road 

4.LeClerc (Francis)



Type : Main battle tank
Asal : France
Produsen : GIAT Industries (now Nexter)

Harga : ₣ 29,000,000 in 1993, € 15,900,000 in 2001 according to the Cour des comptes
Berat : 54.5 ton
Panjang : 9.87 m with forward gun)
Lebar : 3.71 m
Tinggi : 2,53 m
Awak : 3 Orang (Commander, gunner, driver)

Armour/pelindung : Steel, titanium, NERA
persenjataan utama : GIAT CN120-26/52, 120mm tank gun
40 rounds (1 round ready to fire in the chamber, 22 rounds inside the autoloader magazine with additional 18 rounds in the chassis)

persenjataan kedua : 12.7 mm coaxial M2HB machine gun
1,100 rounds
7.62mm machine gun
3,000 rounds
Mesin : 8-cylinder diesel Wärtsilä
1,500 hp (1,100 kW)
1,500 PS (1,479 hp, 1,103 kW) at 2600 rpm
Tenaga/berat : 27.52 hp/tonne
Transmisi : Automatic SESM ESM500
Suspensi : Hydropneumatic

Jarak Operasi : 550 km, 650 km (400 mi) with external fuel
kecepatan : 75 km/h (47 mph)

5.T-80UM2 (Rusia) 



Type : Main battle tank
Asal : Soviet Union
Desainer : Nikolay Popov, LKZ (T-80), Morozov (T-80UD)
Produsen : LKZ and Omsk Transmash Russia, Malyshev Ukraine

Harga : USD $2.2 million T80U export, 1994
Berat : 42.5 tonnes T-80B, 46 tonnes T-80U
Panjang : 9.654 m (31 ft 8.1 in) T-80U (gun forward)
Lebar : 3.603 m
Tinggi : 2.202 m
Awak : 3 Orang (Commander, gunner, driver)

Armour/pelindung : T-80U turret 780mm vs APFSDS 1,320mm VS HEA
persenjataan utama : A46M-1 with 45 rounds T-80U, 9M112 Kobra ATGM,9M119 Refleks ATGM, 6 missiles T-80U
persenjataan kedua : 7.62 mm PKT coax MG, 12.7 mm NSVT or PKT antiaircraft MG

Mesin : GTD-1250 turbine T-80U, or one of 3 diesel T-80UD 1,250 hp
Tenaga/berat : 27.2 hp/tonne
Transmisi : Manual 4 forward, 1 reverse T-80U
Suspensi : Torsion bar
Kapasitas BBM : 1,100 litres (internal), 740 litres (external)

Jarak Operasi : 335 km (208 mi) (road, without external tanks)
440 km (270 mi) (road, with external tanks)
kecepatan : 70 km/h (43 mph) (road)
48 km/h (30 mph) (cross country)

6.T90 (Rusia)



Type : Main battle tank
Asal : Russian Federation
Desainer : Kartsev-Venediktov
Produsen : Uralvagonzavod

Harga : $2.23 million (in January, 2007)
Berat : 46.5 ton
Panjang : 9.53 m
Lebar : 3.78 m
Tinggi : 2.22 m
Awak : 3 Orang (Commander, gunner, driver)

Armour/pelindung : Steel-composite-reactive blend
vs APFSDS: 550 mm + 250-280mm with Kontakt-5 = 800-830mm; vs HEAT: 650 mm + 500-700mm with Kontakt-5 = 1,150-1,350mm
persenjataan utama : 125 mm smoothbore gun with ATGM capability; mainly 9M119 SvirATGM,9M119 Refleks ATGM, 6 missiles T-80U
persenjataan kedua : 77.62 mm coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun

Mesin : Model 84 V-84 12-cyl. diesel
V-92 12-cyl. diesel
V-96 12-cyl. diesel
840 hp (626 kW) for Model 84 V-84 12-cyl. diesel engine
1000hp (736 kW) for V-92 12-cyl. diesel engine
1,250 hp (919 kW) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine
Tenaga/berat : 18.1 hp/tonne (13.5 kW/tonne) for Model 84 V-84 12-cyl. diesel engine
21.5 hp/tonne (15.7 kW/tonne) for V-92 12-cyl. diesel engine
26.9 hp/tonne (19.8 kW/tonne) for V-96 12-cyl. diesel engine
Suspensi : Torsion bar
Jarak Operasi : 550 km (340 mi)
kecepatan : 60 km/h (37 mph)

Sumber 

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